National Geographic : 1937 Dec
BONDS BETWEEN THE AMERICAS 'hotograph from S. C . Johnson & Son, Inc. HERE IS WHERE YOUR TEA DANCE BEGINS Brazilian palm-leaf cutters load their patient ass with the fibrous leaves from the carnauba palm, which yields a valuable wax. Shine your shoes, polish the floors, put on a record for a fox trot to soft candlelight-shoe polish, floor wax, phonograph disk, and candles all may contain ingredients from this tree. More than a century ago Europe burned carnauba wax candles in churches (page 791). this curious-looking load off for Chile, even that country's Ambassador in Washington came to see the strange sight. The coaches were so long they stuck far out over the sides of the ship. The whole load repre sented about two full-fledged passenger trains and eight extra engines. Pessimists said, 'In any blow that ship'll capsize!' But we got to Chile all right (page 803). "Back in 1878 we built a locomotive, the John Lucas, for the old Camden and At lantic Railway. Somehow it got sold to an American who was mining gold in Dutch Guiana. His mine petered out. Long years afterward, when the jungle guides of a New York architect exploring Dutch Guiana (Surinam) were cutting their way through vines and brush, they came upon an old engine. A plate on it read: 'Baldwin Loco- motive Works, Philadelphia, 1878. No. 4287.' It was the old John Lucas! "In more than seventy years we have sold about 3,000 locomotives to South America; their work has done a lot to build up that continent's wealth." FORD GROWS RUBBER TREES IN BRAZIL Most of the world's rubber once came from the Amazon Valley.* After the dis covery of vulcanization, rubber's uses multi plied and demand for it raised prices to $3 a pound. Brazilians made fabulous fortunes almost overnight. Manios, 1,000 miles up stream from the Atlantic, boomed from an obscure village to what was, for a time, * See "Amazon, Father of Waters," by W. L. Schurz, in THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE for April, 1926. 787 ;~ji~i~p.1"