National Geographic : 1938 Jan
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE Photograph from Captain George T. Plummer TIME TURNS BACK TO THE 1860'S IN THIS RARE OLD WHALING SHIP PICTURE In high hat the skipper talks with the owner; by the cart stand their daughters, in stylish costumes of 1865. Barrels of whale oil have just been unloaded. Sails hang loosely, to dry. power that a fleet must have many planes for scouting and attack; some are of such huge size that they cannot be put on board ordinary warships. Therefore, a new type of fighting craft, the airplane carrier, has been developed, one devoted to housing and "mothering" squadrons of planes. Among the latest of these craft built for the United States Navy is the U. S. S. Ranger, shown in Plate XVI with a few of her brood hovering overhead. A strange looking sea monster she is, with her entire upper works designed as a flying deck, ex cept for a single towerlike control structure, placed far to one side to give space for planes landing and taking off at high speed. Even smokestacks do not appear on deck, being led horizontally outboard. Ranger has a speed of 30.35 knots and carries 75 airplanes, most of them of large size for bombing or long-distance scouting. In addition to her aircraft, this ship car ries small guns for defense against attack either by air or water. Powerful elevators rapidly take her planes to or from the hold and flying deck. Marine engineers never cease effort to reduce operating costs and increase speeds. Steam turbines with mechanical-geared drive push the Ranger, the Queen Mary, and the latest British battleships.