National Geographic : 1938 Feb
Photograph by Alfred T.Palmer CHINESE NAVAL CADETS MAKE THE LONG CLIMB TO THE TOMB OF THEIR OWN"GEORGE WASHINGTON" Five hundred granite steps embedded in concrete rise to the esplanade on the south slope of Purple Mountain.Here stand the Memorial Hall and, behind it,the tomb of Sun Yat-sen, China's great revolutionary leader and idol of the Nationalists (page 190). Upon the outbreakofhostilities, the entire mausoleum was covered with bamboo trelliswork and the steps and balustrades were camouflaged with paint to prevent Japanese aviators from recognizing it.The structure was designed and built by native genius and labor. Lu Yen-shih, a Cornell graduate, the architect, died a few weeks before the work was completed in1929 (page 218). Near the foot ofthe steps the Chung Shan Road, popular Chinese name for the hero, starts its course through the heart of the city to theYangtze River, seven miles away (page 191).