National Geographic : 1938 Feb
© National Geographic Society Finlay Photograph byW.Robert Moore IN GAY SHAWLS AND COQUETTISH HATS, BAREFOOT WOMEN SCAN THE SEA FOR HOME-COMING HUSBANDS AND SWEETHEARTS A tiny mirror flashes on each hat, which perches atop a kerchief covering the head. This is everydayfeminine garb atEsposende and neighboring villages on the coast of northern Portugal, where traditional dress and curious old customs remain almostunchanged. Atthefestival ofSt.Bartholomew of the Sea, boys are ducked in the ocean to give them courage, and a black cock is offered to the Saint. Besides gathering kelp (Plate XIII), the people fish and cultivate gardens, irrigated with water pumped by the big windmills on the dunes.