National Geographic : 1938 Feb
( National Geographic Society 'inlay 'notograph by W. Kobert Moore LANCES AND SCIMITARS CLASHED ON THESE TAWNY HILLS WHEN CHRISTIAN KNIGHTS DROVE MOORS FROM PALMELA CASTLE IN 1147 The crumbling stronghold, near Setufbal, once guarded the southern approach to Lisbon, which is visible on aclear day from the heights near the white windmill (right). Affonso Henriques, Portugal's first king, captured Lisbon and expelled the Moors with the help ofEnglish Crusaders, whom he persuaded to stop off and fight the local infidels before proceeding to Palestine. Thus began a centuries-old friendship between Portugal and Britain. Later Palmela was given to the Knights of Santiago. Their chapels, like the Mohammedan mosque in the fortress, are now inruins.