National Geographic : 1938 Oct
THE FARTHEST-NORTH REPUBLIC Photograph by P. J. Bigelund SMUDGE FIRES PROTECT FINNISH CATTLE FROM INSECTS IN SUMMER Milk is the nectar on which Finland's runners thrive. Nurmi's diet, while he was in training, consisted principally of milk, vegetables, and hardtack (kniickebrod in Swedish). © Suomen-Matkat by Aarne Pietienen THE "SAUNA," OR FINNISH STEAM BATH, IS A NATIONAL INSTITUTION Every farm has its bathhouse, usually built of logs (page 531). Within is a wooden gallery and a fire hold of field stone. When the stones are very hot, cold water is dashed upon them and clouds of vapor rise. The bathers sit or lie on the gallery, amid the rising steam, and are laved in rivulets of perspiration. As the steam subsides, the bathers beat themselves with birch twigs until their skins glow. Then they plunge into a lake in summer, or roll in snow in winter.