National Geographic : 1939 Jan
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE rnotograpn by Maynard Uwen Williams VOLCANO AND RIVER, RAIN AND WIND, SHAPED THIS TROGLODYTE STOREHOUSE First Mount Argaeus erupted, covering the region with lava and pumice. Then the Kizil River eroded the valley floor, leaving isolated columns with capstones of hard lava. When these protecting capstones dropped from the pinnacles, rain and wind pointed the cones. Then the Cappadocian troglodytes (hole creepers or cave men) carved out living rooms, storerooms, and chapels, now partly displaced by above-ground buildings. No man knows the age of this cone at Matsan, near Urgiip, still used for storage.