National Geographic : 1939 Mar
Vatican City: Treasure House of the Ages A rnotograpn Dy u. rellci irom wlae w oria POPE PIUS XI GREETS WORSHIPERS AT A JUBILEE IN ROME The Pontiff proclaimed 1933 a Holy Year to mark the nineteenth centenary of the Crucifixion. On April 1 he officially began observance when he opened the doors of St. Peter's by tapping upon them with a golden hammer. Here he appears on the balcony of Santa Maria Maggiore, largest of the 80 churches in Rome dedicated to the Virgin Mary. From the balustrade of the edifice, built fifteen centuries ago, hangs a tapestry with the papal emblems, tiara and crossed keys, and below them the personal arms of Pius XI.