National Geographic : 1939 Apr
THE SOCIETY'S MAP OF THE REACHES OF NEW YORK CITY MORE people will cluster upon one small patch of the earth's surface this spring and summer than ever before assembled in any one place in all the world's history. Joining the 7/2 million people who al ready live in New York City, some 15 million more are expected to visit the sky scraper city's startling World's Fair. Along what routes will they pour in for this pilgrimage? What scenic places and historic shrines can they drive out from New York to visit? To answer such questions, the National Geographic Society presents as a supple ment to the April issue of the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE a ten-color, deco rated map, 26/2 by 29 inches, of "The Reaches of New York City." * Here, on the framework of Nature's time old ridges and rivers, men have wrought one of the mightiest and speediest works of all time. Consider three headlines of only 330 years-only a few seconds on the clock. of the recorded annals of mankind: HENRY HUDSON SAILS UP HIS NAMESAKE RIVER, 1609 PETER MINUIT BUYS MANHATTAN ISLAND FOR $24, IN 1626 GEORGE WASHINGTON INAUGURATED AT THE FIRST U. S. CAPITOL UNDER THE CON STITUTION, APRIL 30, JUST 150 YEARS AGO From such modest events there arises in 1939 the exposition to symbolize the world's biggest and richest city-a city dispatching more ships and trains, more planes and words, buying more food and selling more goods, than any other place on earth (pages 418-419). The cartographer's chart reveals the geo graphic setting of this magic drama-trac ing the harbors and waterways, the moun tains and human settlements, and the many other factors that combine with man's re sourcefulness to build a unique area of traffic and trade. The map encompasses the rich region radiating from the metropolitan area into several States where one feels the pulse of the city a hundred miles or more away as * Members wishing additional copies of the map, "The Reaches of New York City," may obtain them by writing the National Geographic Society, Washington, D. C. Prices, in United States and Possessions, 50¢ on paper (unfolded) ; 75¢ mounted on linen. Outside of U. S. and Possessions, 75¢ on paper; $1 on linen. Postage prepaid. trainloads and truckloads of food, goods, and fuel pound past. It includes places as far as 140 miles from Broadway and 42d Street. It shows New York City in its relation to Philadelphia and to points as far north as Albany, south to Cape May, and east to New London, Connecticut. Besides mapping New York State up to Albany, the chart comprises in detail all of New Jersey, most of Connecticut, part of Massachusetts, a fringe of Pennsylvania, and a strip of Delaware. Thus it dove tails with the National Geographic Soci ety's map of "Historic and Scenic Reaches of the Nation's Capital" (July, 1938). The two maps vividly portray a highly important section of the United States along a 400-mile stretch of the Atlantic coast from Virginia to Connecticut. FROM SWAMP SITE TO WORLD'S FAIR In Queens, on Long Island, is the World's Fair site, more than 1,200 acres of park land where formerly stretched a tidal swamp. All the main approaches are shown, including the newest of all, the Bronx Whitestone Bridge across the East River, scheduled to be opened early this summer. Symbols help in quick location of monu ments, shrines, ruins, noteworthy architec ture, old churches, battlefields, and other treasures of a region exceptionally rich in scenic beauty and historic interest. Main roads are indicated in brick-red, with high way numbers; railroads in black, canals in blue. Sprinkled over the map in blue are numerous notes identifying birthplaces of famed Americans, or highlights of such diverse places as Blue Point, Long Island, famed for oysters, and Gardiners Island, where Captain Kidd hid treasure. Around the borders are notable scenes and faces, done in old woodcut style. There are Grover Cleveland, Henry Hud son, Thomas Edison, Robert Fulton, Alex ander Hamilton, Eli Whitney, Nathan Hale, Theodore Roosevelt, and J. A. Roeb ling, the designer of the Brooklyn Bridge. A diversified company, they typify the vigor and versatility of the area within the compass of this map. Typical, too, are the scenes selected: Columbia University, At lantic City, the Palisades of the Hudson, Rockefeller Center, West Point, Montauk Light, Brooklyn Bridge, the World's Fair. Another decorative note is added by the arms of New York City.