National Geographic : 1939 Dec
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE Photograph by E. John Long MONKEYS COME TOP SPEED WHEN THE DINNER PAILS RATTLE On Santiago Island, off the eastern coast of Puerto Rico, an attempt is being made to raise rhesus monkeys of known ancestry for sale to zoos and scientific institutions (pages 706 and 737). In less than a year more than 70 have been born. Puerto Rico has no native monkeys. time was taken up in refereeing fights be tween the big males. First there was strife over the division of females and then over the amount of territory each male could boss. But "harems" have now been estab lished and 17 feeding stations have been placed in the 17 areas selected as "domains" by the more aggressive males. Puerto Rico has several large outlying islands, one of which, Mona, recently has been developed by the Forest Service as a game-fishing and hunting preserve. On September 11, I stood on the steps of the Capitol at San Juan as Admiral Wil liam D. Leahy, former Chief of Naval Op erations, was sworn in as Governor (page 698). His inaugural address, one of the shortest on record, touched directly and frankly upon some of the pressing needs of the island. "We are today faced with a multitude of problems, many of which demand solution without delay," he declared. "Some of these problems are capable of solution by local action, and some require corrective action by the Federal Congress. Among the latter are changes in the sugar quota, modification of the local application of the Wages and Hours Act, correction of the shipping situation as applied to Puerto Rico, unfavorable trade agreements with foreign nations, and the Hurricane Relief Commission debts." As I left the island I sensed, however, a new spirit of optimism in every walk of life. The President's suspension of the sugar quota in September will allow Puerto Rico to harvest, in 1940, all of its mature cane. That means at least 1,000,000 tons as compared with the government-restricted harvest of 851,000 tons in 1939. Also, Puerto Rico was able to sell immediately 300,000 tons of surplus sugar stored in warehouses. The addition of 2,000 officers and men to military garrisons releases a payroll equal to several new industries. Most gratifying of all to the islanders, however, is something quite intangible. They feel, and rightly, that Puerto Rico has again taken its proper place in the national spotlight. They are proud of its new, yet historic, role of "Watchdog of the Caribbean."