National Geographic : 1900 Mar
GEOGRAPHIC MISCELLANEA THE present membership of the National Geographic Society is 1,300 resi dent and 1,300 non-resident members. This is an increase of 1,000 since June 1, 1899, when the systematic effort to enlarge the work of the Society was begun. THE Constantinople correspondent of the London Times states that, as com pensation for the Bagdad railway concession to Germany, Russia has demanded of the Ottoman Empire prior railway concessions in Asia Minor north of the German line. ANNOUNCEMENT is made of the resignation of Mr John B. Hatcher from the chair of assistant professor of geology in Princeton University, to accept the curatorship of vertebrate paleontology at the Carnegie Museum in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. FROM the fourth report of the International Commission on Glaciers it would appear that out of 70 glaciers measured in the Swiss Alps, 12 are advancing, while 55 are receding. In the eastern Alps the retreat of the glaciers is notice able, though not with the same rapidity as in the period from 1870 to 1890. THE longitude of Maricopa, Arizona, has recently been determined by a U. S . Coast and Geodetic Survey party. The initial station was El Paso, Texas. Signals were exchanged on three successive nights, after which the observers changed places and three more nights' observations were obtained, thus elim inating the effect of personal equation. CAPT. GEORGE OWEN SQUIER, of the Signal Office, War Department, contrib utes to a recent number of The Independent a summary of the arguments in favor of a United States Pacific cable. A map accompanying the article shows the routes of the proposed United States Pacific cable, the route of the proposed English Pacific cable, and also the proposed international cable spans. IN a recent number of the Pathfinder is a description of a set of five relief maps of the continent, prepared for the Paris Exposition by E. E . Howell, the well-known relief-map expert. They are all on the same horizontal scale, one inch to 120 miles, and average five feet square. The vertical scale is to 500,000, the deepest ocean depths being depressed about three-quarters of an inch. IT is expected that the committee of judges appointed by the National Geo graphic Society to award the prizes of $150.00 and $75.00 offered by the Society for the best and second best essays submitted during 1899 relating to pre-Colum bian discoveries and settlements of the Norsemen on the mainland of North America will reach a decision in the near future, and the announcement of the successful contestants will then be made. WILLIAM HENRY GILDER, an Arctic explorer of the seventies and early eighties, died in February at Morristown, New Jersey. In 1878 he joined the Franklin search expedition, commanded by the late Lieutenant Frederick Schwatka, U. S. A. While serving with this expedition from 1878 to 1880 he made a sledge journey of over 3,250 miles in King William Land, probably the longest sledge journey ever made in the Arctic regions. He has written the narrative of the expedition in "Schwatka's Search." IN McClure's Magazine for February is an interesting article by Mr Walter Wellman, entitled "The Race for the North Pole," a narration of his Arctic ex.