National Geographic : 1900 Apr
GEOGRAPHIC MISCELLANEA pean history is too many-sided to be looked at from more than one point of view at a time, and a composite historical picture is more attractive than in structive. The author's primary purpose was to instruct, ahd he accomplishes that purpose best by successively changing his point of view from capital to capital. It may seem hypercritical to pick flaws in so nearly perfect an historical mo saic, but one would scarcely think the student should have to look in vain for any reference to that most dramatic and portentous of all diplomatic incidents, the meeting of the King of Prussia and M. Benedetti at Ems, an interview that precipitated the war, and that subsequent disclosures have shown to have been brought about by the wily Bismarck for the express purpose of rendering war inevitable by exposing his sovereign to insult. The absence in the chapter devoted to the United States of any reference to the presidential campaign of 1896, with the important issues that it involved and the unprecedented cleav age of party alignment by which it was rendered memorable, is likewise notice able. When even the United States Government itself has published a map showing the Oregon country as a part of the Louisiana purchase, it is scarcely to be wondered at that the publishers of the present volume have fallen into a like error. The Government, however, made haste to correct its mistake, and its example will doubtless be followed in the next edition of Professor Gros venor's book. History is the foundation of political geography, and no apology need be offered for reviewing at this length a book not strictly geographical. Professor Grosvenor's modest volume is a contribution of the first importance to both sciences. Its educational value is of the highest, and the book should have a large sale, not only among schools and colleges, but also for use in the family circle. J. HYDE . GEOGRAPHIC MISCELLANEA THE wheat acreage of the United States for 1899 is estimated by the Statistician of the Department of Agriculture to have been 44,592,516, yielding 547,303,846 bushels, with a value of $319,545,259. The corn acreage was 82,108,587, yielding 2,078,143,933 bushels, valued at $629,210,110; the acreage in oats, 26,341,380, yielding 796,177,713 bushels, valued at $198,167,975. The barley crop is esti mated at 73,381,563 bushels, the rye crop at 23,961,741 bushels, the potato crop at 228,783,232 bushels, and the hay crop at 56,655,756 tons. THE opening up of Cuba to American methods in every department of life is being repeatedly emphasized. In this direction the census of the island for 1900, taken under the direction of the U. S. War Department, and the data for which are now being tabulated under the general supervision of Mr Henry Gannett, will prove immediate and effective. As an instance might be cited the establishment of corporate limits to Habana, Matanzas, and other cities on the island. Before the present year not a single town or city in Cuba had dis tinctive bounds.