National Geographic : 1900 Jun
GEOGRAPHIC MISCELLANEA A BKOCi URE containing every decision of the U. S. Board on Geographic Names is now in press and will soon be ready for distribution. The Board, which has recently been enlarged, consists of Henry Gannett, chairman; Marcus Baker, secretary; Andrew H. Allen, Otis T. Mason, H. G. Ogden, A. B. Johnson, Harry King, Major James L. Lusk, A. Von Haake, H. T. Brian, and John Hyde. THE Meteorological Chart of the Great Lakes, which was last year issued monthly during the season of navigation by the U. S. Weather Pureau as an experiment, will hereafter be a permanent feature of the Weather Bureau work. The chart proved so serviceable in 1899 that it is now indispensable to vessels sailing between the Lake ports. It is edited by Prof. A. J . Henry and Mr Norman B. Conger, of Detroit, Mich. Foa the first time in its history the actual sea-levels, mileage, latitudes and longitudes of the Mississippi River are being determined. The work is in the hands of the Mississippi River Commission, the board of army and civilian engineers charged with the duty of improving this vast watercourse. As years of experiment and more or less defined effort at improvement have not re sulted in permanent good all along, the commission has wisely decided to survey the entire system and triangulate every foot of its course. THE telegraph line begun five years ago to connect Victoria Nyanza with the east coast of Africa has been completed. One of the practical uses of the line will be to give warning to Lower Egypt of the state of the water on the Upper Nile, information that will in some cases be worth millions of dollars to the people of Lower Egypt, who depend on the river for their irrigation water. The railroad which is being built along the same route is now in operation to Kiu, about 270 miles inland. To complete the remaining 400 miles will require three years. THE HAVOC that can be wrought by the hurricanes which periodically devas tate the Greater, and especially the Lesser, Antilles will soon be reduced to a minimum, owing to the effective work of the U. S . Weather Bureau. Grad ually meteorological stations are being established at all points on the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean Sea, and in the West Indies from which advance warn ings can be cabled. The most recent of these stations is that at Turks Island, at the extreme southeastern end of the Bahamas, where Dr H. C . Frankenfield is now engaged in putting in the necessary apparatus. THE concession by the Chinese Govemnment allowing steamers of the river type to navigate the inland waters of the empire has proved worthless in fact. A dispatch to the London Times from Shanghai states that the Shanghai cus toms Taotai have refused to permit a British vessel to trade between that city and the Chusan Islands, only a few score miles distant from the mainland. This is only one of many similar refusals, with the result that nearly all the steam ers that were specially built and sent to China for coastwise and interior trade either remain tied to their docks or have been sent back to England by their British owners.