National Geographic : 1900 Aug
HYDROGRAPHIC WORK OF U. S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY 325 orchards and for regulating the streams used for water-power and for industrial purposes. The State Legislature at its last session made an appropriation for investigating this subject, but the act failed to become a law. By private sub scriltion, however, considerable sums have been raised for cooperation with the U. S . (eological Survey in carrying forward the examinations of reservoir sites and measurements of streams, notably o n t h e head waters of King River and in adjacent portions of the high sierras. In Montana the necessity for water storage for the fur ther development of irriga tion and power has been ap preciated, and requests have been made for the examina tion of various natural basins suitable for holding floods. In particular the headwaters of Milk River have attracted attention, because t h ese streams flow northerly into Canada, where, uniting, their waters return to the United States. It has long been the desire of the people of Mon tana to save the flood waters and carry them by suitable canals out upon the arid lands east ifthe moun tains, instead of allowing the m to flow northerly F. H . NEWELL., across the international Chief of Division of Hydrography, U. S. Geological Surrey. boundary. In the Southern Appalachian area, especially in Georgia and Alabama, many cotton mills are being constructed which derive their power from the rapid streams. This presents another task for the lHydrographic Division. System atic measurements of the streams are needed to determine the low-water flow and the possible minimum power from each important river. Throughout the entire mountain area typical streams are being measured. Also in the arid west, from Central Kansas to tile Pacific Ocean, the measurements of scores of streams are being continued in order to complete the plans for the vast system of water storage that will ultimately increase by one-third the fertile area of the United States. The artesian conditions in the arid west, in the Black Hills in Wyoming and South Dakota, are another subject of study. 'Thle sum of $100,000 was voted by Congress for the hydrographic work of thle U. S. Geo logical Survey during the current fiscal year. This is double the amount appro priated for the purpose last year.