National Geographic : 1900 Dec
GEOGRAPHY AT THE BRITISH ASSOCIATION whole field of physical geography there must be selected those facts that are of the greatest value; these facts must he arranged so that progress is assured without over-repetition, and must be related to the conditions of which they are the causes, so that the knowledge of both causes and consequences is enriched through such a causal study. A course of study planned along these lines is now in opera tion in the Horace Mann School of Teachers College, and is proving itself rational and effective. The more important facts of physical geography are developed by the middle of the sixth year in school, as the natural outgrowth of a study of life conditions. In the re maining work of the geography course physical geography is made fundamental, and good history and good geography will result. By the end of the eighth year the pupils have gained a good insight into the earth sciences and have had such training in scientific thinking that no more geography work is advisable until toward the end of the secondary course. By the third or fourth year of the high school course it is possible to take up a study of physical geography that answers the requirements in physiography for entrance to Colum bia and Harvard Colleges. Thus the arrangement of geography below the college, that Professor Davis has recently stated would be in fashion twenty or thirty years hence,* has been proved a very successful possibility. The primary essential of such ele mentary school work is that the teachers, who cannot be experts in all things, shall at least know more geography than their pupils are expected to know on entrance upon a secondary course. This neces sity may be acquired at the end of another generation, but progress will unfortunately be slow. GEOGRAPHY AT THE BRITISH ASSOCIATION Geography occupies a much more conspicuous place in the pro ceedings of the British Association for the Advancement of Science than in those of the American Association. There is never any lack of valuable papers to be presented, and almost every meeting has its special attraction in the fact that some newly returned explorer avails himself of the opportunity of narrating before a large and distin guished audience the story of his discoveries and adventures. * Physical Geography in the High School, School Review, Sept. and Oct., 1900.