National Geographic : 1902 Feb
GEOGRAPHIC independent of the others. American exploration of Alaska has been so rapid in recent years that it is perhaps not surprising that this work is several years behind in its information regard ing the great territory. There is also no reference in the volume to the wheat and corn areas of the United States, though the " Bad Lands" are described. Dutch Life in Town and Country. By T. M. Hough. With illustrations. New York : G. P. Putnam's Sons. 1901. $1.50. Mr. Hough presents an interesting picture of Dutch life, more particularly in his chapters on " Court and Society,"' "The Professional Classes," "The Peasant at Home," " The Administra tion of Justice," and " The Canals and Their Population." About 50,000 per sons live on barges all the year round and form a "canal population." For generations they have been left to them selves, a class apart, and have given color and picturesqueness to the inland waters of Holland ; but the spirit of re form is in the air-the government is beginning to interfere, to insist on the education of the barge children, so that in a few years this unique population will disappear. The volume is one in the notable series on " Our European Neighbors," which the Putnams are publishing, The Bolivian Andes, a record of climb ing and exploration in the Cordillera Real in the years 1898 and 1900. By Sir Martin Conway, with illustrations. New York : Harper & Bros. This book is a narrative of one suc cessful ascent, that of Illimani (21,192 feet), and of two failures, on Sorata and Ancohuma. Were this merely a narra tive of these climbs, the book would be dreary reading, but fortunately it con tains much more. The author intro duces his readers to the central and one of the highest parts of the Andes, to the LITERATURE 79 great desert plain, the Puna, the summit of the Andean plateau, which forms the base of the great peaks, and to the human life of this scarcely known re gion, in a most charming and interest ing manner. The rubber industry and the gold and tin mines of the region visited are treated also with fulness. A map would have added greatly to the value and interest of the book. South Africa a Century Ago (1797 18ol). By Lady Anne Barnard. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co. Lady Anne Barnard was the wife of the first secretary of Cape Colony. She was a clever, observing woman, in the habit of writing to her friend, the Sec retary of State at home, her manner of life in South Africa. Her letters are published in this volume, but are rather disappointing, as they have more to say about the garrison life of her set than of the people of the Cape. History of Geology and Palaeontology. By Karl Alfred Von Zittel, translated by M. M. Ogilvie Gordon. Illus trated. London: Walter Scott. 1901. $1.50. A scholarly work, designed for the specialist and of doubtful interest to any one else. Macmillan's Guides, I901.-Italy. With 51 maps and plans $2.50. The Eastern Mediterranean. With 27 maps and plans. $2.25. The Western Mediterranean. With 21 maps and plans. $2.25. Palestine and Egypt. With 48 maps and plans. $2.50. These excellent guide books are spe cially noteworthy for their many beau tifully engraved maps and for their convenient size. The editors have given particular attention to the historical, archaeological, and artistic features of the countries, and have also included at the end a list of standard books about each country.