National Geographic : 1906 Mar
MOROCCO, THE LAND OF THE EXTREME WEST I39 View in the Grounds of Aidonia. The Flower Garden THE ENTRANCE OF FRENCH INFLUENCE On August 6, 1844, the French bom barded Tangier. This was a retaliation for the protection which the Moorish gov ernment had afforded the Emir Abd El Kader, who had taken refuge with his forces upon Moorish territory when he was pursued by the French. In 1860 a Spanish force under General Primm marched up from Seutta to Tetuan and took that town after six weeks of severe fighting. Afterward the Moors recovered the place by means of a heavy indemnity; but they had learned one great lesson, viz, that the wild charges of their own cavalry were helpless to protect them against troops who were supported by modern field artillery. This event led to an extraordinary change in the attitude of the Moorish government and people toward foreigners. However, this more amicable behavior of the natives was not due to any liking for us, but rather to the fear entertained of their own authorities, who, under pressure from the foreign consulates, punished with extreme sever ity any aggressions. The natives soon learned to value the intervention of foreigners in their behalf, and even sometimes paid a considerable price for such protection against the cruel exactions of their own governors. Not only did foreigners enjoy a remarkable security, at least in the neighborhood of the coast, but their position during the entire reign of Umlai El Hassan might be described almost as that of privileged guards of the nation-a position which I regret to say was often abused by officials and especially by the native proteges of the various consulates.