National Geographic : 1906 Sep
LUMBER BUSINESS OF protected. Speculation in reserve timber is made impossible by the provision that the timber must be removed within a specified time, and that when a contract extends over several years a proportion ate amount of timber must be removed each year. Five years is the extreme limit of a sales contract. That these restrictions are not onerous is shown by the numerous sales made under them. A single sale of 50,000,000 feet of lodgepole pine for railroad ties is pending on the Montana Division of the Yellowstone Forest Reserve. It is esti mated that 165,000,000 feet B. M. of lodgepole pine can be taken from one watershed in the Medicine Bow Forest Reserve, still leaving a large percentage for future crops. Much timber is sold in small lots; fifty applications for such sales are made to each single application for 1,ooo,ooo board feet or more; the prompt, businesslike consideration ac corded such applications standing in marked contrast with the slow methods once prevailing, when all applications had to be made through Washington. FORESTS AS REVENUE During the year 1905 the sales of tim ber from the national reserves were as follows: The largest sales so far made are 71,466,537 board feet from South Da kota, 68,255,916 from Wyoming, and 5,327,443 from Utah. In sales of wood for fuel South Dakota led with 29,8442 cords, Arizona fol lowed with 16,649, and Colorado with 10,7952. The total number of cords sold was 74,120. In sales of posts and poles Montana led with 119,500, followed by Wyoming with 30,750, and Colorado with 13,988. The total number sold was 188,740. The largest timber sales were made in Wyoming, where they reached $143, 894.81. South Dakota's sales ranked second in value, amounting to $78,958.24, and Colorado's to $23,937.07. The total sales for 1905 reached $273,659.82. Nor are the receipts from these sales THE GOVERNMENT 533 swallowed up by the cost of administra tion. The entire property of the forest reserves, worth $250,000,000 in cash, is now being administered at a cost of less than one-third of i per cent of its value, while increase in that value of not less than 10 per cent a year is taking place. As the use of the reserves increases, the cost of administration must, of course, increase also, but receipts will certainly increase much more rapidly. The time is not far distant when the forest reserves will become self-sustaining. Later they may confidently be expected to become a source of public revenue. A POLAR MAP AMONG the features of early num bers of the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE are a six-colored map of the regions around the North Pole, 30 x 36 inches, and an illustrated resume of the United States Eclipse Expedition of 1905, by Rear Admiral Colby M. Chester, U. S. N., with a picture of the corona in four colors. GEOGRAPHIC LITERATURE Elements of Geology. By Prof. William Harmon Norton. Pp. 461. Many il lustrations and maps. 5/ by 8 inches. New York: Ginn & Co. 1905. Professor Norton has summarized in a compact form the principal facts of ge ology. The book is well illustrated and the style comparatively simple, so that the volume will prove eminently useful to those who want a condensed work on geological science. Italy. By W. Deecke. Translated by H. A. Nesbitt. Pp. 485. Illustrated. 10 by 7 inches. New York: MacMil lan Co. 1905. Professor Deecke gives us a studious account of the country, people, and insti tutions of Italy, including Malta and Sardinia. The translator has done his work well and the book can be recom mended to those who are seeking a com prehensive description of the Italian Pe ninsula.