National Geographic : 1907 Sep
586 THE NATIONAL GE the dignification of man and the empire of justice and the right to work out his own destiny without the tutelage of kings or classes or any other sovereignty than that of citizen and ballot. We are thankful and render our tribute of admiration to the history and civiliza tion of Europe; we study the books of her thinkers; enjoy the magnificent works of her artists, of her poets, and of all those who have so highly elevated the intellectual level of mankind. We desire and solicit the concourse of her noble races; but in the political order the whole America is destined to be the throne of liberty and right, where mankind will ad vance to the highest ideals of his divine OGRAPHIC MAGAZINE mission in the world. And when the bar rier separating this grand Republic from her sisters of the South is removed by the completion of the Panama Canal, the two great oceans made one, it is neces sary that the bonds of union and of mu tual interest and respect be already estab lished on the firm basis of peace and justice. The Panama Canal will open a new horizon to commerce, and it might be said that it will be the material consecra tion of the Monroe Doctrine, which ex cludes conquest from America, where, under the inspiration of democracy, free dom, and justice, the Christian brother hood of mankind will be perpetuated. OUR HERALDS OF STORM AND FLOOD* Being an Account of the Various Activities of the United States Weather Bureau in Saving Life and Property BY GILBERT H. GROSVENOR WE Americans are always talk ing about our mountains of gold and coal and iron, of our fat fields of corn and wheat, but few of us ever realize that we have in our climate a great advantage over all other nations. In the cold wave which in summer and winter so often sweeps across the land and sends the thermome ter tumbling thirty degrees in almost as many minutes, we have a constant, a never-diminishing asset of priceless value. The wave acts as a tonic, but, unlike any tonic made by man, it carries no reaction. No other land has cold waves like ours. To the cold, dry air of this periodic cold wave, which brings extraordinary changes of temperature, we owe much of the keen, alert mind, the incessant, unremitting energy of our American race. I had asked the Chief of the United States Weather Bureau, Professor Willis L. Moore, what was the most remarkable feature of our climate, and that was substantially his reply. When the amazed European asks us what makes the sluggish mind of the immigrant to stir and waken in the United States, and then to climb, at first hesitatingly, but soon with vigor and con fidence, to the top round in the ladder of success, we are accustomed to reply, "It's * This article is reprinted from The Century Magazine by courtesy of the Century Co., and is here given as one of the series in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE describing the work of the scientific departments of the United States government, other articles in the series being "Millions for Moisture" (describing the work of the United States Reclamation Service), "Reclaiming the Swamp Lands of the United States," "Our Fish Immigrants," "Saving the Forests," etc., etc. The article and illustrations are copyrighted by the Century Co.