National Geographic : 1912 Oct
Photo by A. T . Granger ROW OF ARCHES (P'AI-LOUS) ERECTED TO THE MEMORY OF WIDOWS WHO REFUSED TO MARRY A SECOND TIME: NOTE THE PHOENIX (SEE PAGE I000) the past, like some of China's most an cient bridges, may be seen and realized today. In this her canals and bridges are unlike forgotten cities and capitals once their contemporaries, and unlike China's centers of art and learning, only fragments of whose buildings remain. The wonder inspired in the breast of the traveler who visits China's vast re mains of abandoned capitals, extensive temples ranged in successive courts and on terraces of the mountains, its pagodas, p'ai-lous, bridges, and canals, is equaled by the awe inspired by the silence and splendor of the tombs of China's em perors. The tombs of the kings of the "Six Kingdoms" in Shantung, though now only earthern pyramids terraced with little fields, have the air of the Pyra mids of Egypt. The Ming tombs, near Peking, are the most famed in our day, perhaps, because they are relatively in a good state of preservation and are accessible to trav elers. They are approached through the five-arched stone p'ai-lou already men tioned (see page Ioo6) and by an avenue of stone animals nearly 2 miles in length (see pages 100oo7-Io). The sacred buildings are placed on the southern slope of the mountains and nearly in closed by their encircling spurs.