National Geographic : 1912 Oct
THE IMAGE OF TZUNG-KA-BA "Unlike other Buddhist images, which usually have a stiff and wooden expression, Tzung-ka-ba is represented by an image having a face like that of a human being" (see text below). page 972), awarded by the former em peror, K'ang-hsi, to restrain and punish the disobedient Lamas. In front of Dupon is the Great Oracle of State (see page 960), where inspired Lamas give answers to inquiries made by those who are eager to know their fortunes or outcome of various affairs. It has even greater influence and au thority than the oracle at Delphi, since here questions are asked and answers given in regard to governmental policy as well as private matters. Its ruling divinity has very wretched features. He is supposed to have sprung from a tree. The shingles of the roofs are made of arrows collected after different battles. THE SERA MONASTERY The Sera, or the "Golden Hill, Mon astery (see page 972) is situated along the hillside north of the city. It is next to the Dupon Monastery in size, with room for 5,500 Lamas. The worship of Tzung-ka-ba, the founder of the Yellow-cap sect of Lama ism, has its seat in this monastery. Un like other Buddhist images, which usually have a stiff and wooden expression, Tzung-ka-ba is represented by an image having a face like that of a human be ing (see above) and holding a scepter which is said to have come down from heaven.