National Geographic : 1913 Mar
Photo from Katrice Nicolson SOME MOUNTAIN WOMEN IN MONTENEGRO From Podgoritza north one passes Danilograd, where the King has estab lished a flourishing agricultural experi ment station which will probably be found of use to his people, now that their thirst for blood has been slaked, and an asylum for the insane, which is almost tenantless. Next comes Niksic, another of the spoils of the last war, where the King has built a villa directly facing the old Turkish fortress which he had captured and from whose ramparts he proudly flies the royal standard when he is in residence. Next to the villa stands the church, a fine structure, designed by Nicholas and erected to the memory of the heroes of the war of '77. Here, too, is the principal prison of the realm, whose inmates are allowed great free dom, and the one symbol of progress of all the world-a brewery. Between Danilograd and Niksic lies Ostrog, the famous mountain monastery and stronghold, whither withdrew, two centuries ago, St. Vasili, Metropolitan of the Herzegovina, and founded the shrine so often besieged and so valiantly de fended-once by only 28 men, under Mirko, King Nicholas' father, who held at bay io,ooo Turks for eight days and then succeeded in making his escape at night. THE PORT OF MONTENEGRO Antivari, the chief seaport, is a thriv ing place. Taken by Nicholas himself during the Russo-Turkish war, he has built a new town directly on the shore, two miles or more from the old Turkish city, up among the Albanian foothills. Here is one of the numerous royal villas, and here the Italian concessionaires have poured out their lire in making a port and building a railroad which zigzags up the hills and darts through a tunnel near the summit before beginning its tortuous descent to the Lake of Scutari beyond. There is little commerce and almost no manufactures in the Black Mountain.