National Geographic : 1913 Sep
Photo from Rev. James Baikie COLOSSI OF MEMNON ON THE PLAIN OF THEBES, LUXOR: EGYPT Each colossus is 69 feet in height, hewn from a solid block of Assouan granite, weighing some I,oootons. The measurements ofthecolossi are startling: length of ear, 3/ feet; index finger, 3% feet; breadth of foot across toes, 42 feet; areaof nail, middle finger, 35square inches. After an earthquake in 27 B. C. the colossus on the right was damaged and began to emit a cry everymorning shortly after sunrise, and the Greek residents of Egypt immediately identified the statue as Memnon, son of Eos, the Dawn. Many visitors were attracted bythis phenomenon, including, in 130 A. D., the Emperor Hadrian, who, following the immemorial habit of tourists, scratchedhis name atthebase. This strange cry was due to the rapid expansion of the stone caused by the heat of the morning sun.