National Geographic : 1914 Sep
f : Photo and copyright by Underwood & Underwood ANTWERP: THE TEMPORARY CAPITAL OF BELGIUM View looking north along the River Scheldt, where shipping once made Antwerp Europe's richest commercial port. All of Antwerp's vast commerce must reach the sea through the Scheldt River, whose lower course and mouth lie in Holland. Under the treaty or 1839 all Antwerp shipping had to pay toll to Holland. In 1863 Belgium and the other interested nations agreed to commute this by paying a lump sum of $7,200,000 to the Dutch.