National Geographic : 1915 Feb
00 WHERE MOUNTAINEERING WAS BORN: THE WETTERHORN Systematic mountaineering, from the standpoint of sport, began when Sir Alfred Wills ascended the Wetterhorn in1854. The following year the first ascent of Monta Rosa was made and two years later an Alpine club was formed in London, the forerunner ofAlpine clubs throughout theworld. In 1865 Edward Whymper's ascent of the Matterhorn marked the close of Alpine conquest, and thereafter themountain climbers turned their attention to the Caucasus and the Selkirks. The exploration of the highest Andes began when Whymper climbed Chimborazo. The Himalayas were thelast of the high mountain ranges to be climbed.