National Geographic : 1915 May
Photo from Edwin A. Grosvenor THIIE MAUSOLEUM OF SULTAN SELIM II AT CONSTANTINOPLE Beside the Sultan is his favorite wife, Nourban Sultana. Under the same roof lie his three daughters; also the five sons-Mohammed, Souleiman, Moustapha, Djeanghir, and Abdullah-all bowstrung in that same dreadful night by their brother, Mourad III, on his accession. Here, too, are the remains of twenty-one daughters and of thirteen sons of their brother and murderer. icism and the other of Eastern Ortho doxy-should both have been first erected by the first Christian emperor. It is an other coincidence that neither was in tended by its founder to be the metro politan church of either the new or the ancient Rome. That distinction in Con stantinople was intended for the Church of Saint Irene, and in Rome for that of Saint John Lateranus. Its foundations were laid in 326, on the site of a pagan temple, in the presence of Constantine himself, a few months after his return from the Council of Nice. It was concentrated to the divine Sophia, or Wisdom of the Logos, or Word of God-that is, to Christ himself. When it was destroyed by fire in 532, Justinian determined to restore it on a scale of magnificence such as the world had never beheld. It should be expia tion in stone of his own mistakes and sins as a sovereign. It should commem orate the overthrow of disorder and re bellion and the pacification of the capi tal and Empire. In it his own glory should be embodied, and succeeding ages should there behold the enduring monu ment of his reign. It should preserve as well the memory of his Empress Theo dora, whose noble courage had saved his imperiled throne, whose image was stamped with his upon every coin, and whose name was joined with his in every decree. It should be worthy of them, its founders and-as far as lay in seemingly limitless human resources and in the highest human skill-of the Saviour for whose worship it was designed.