National Geographic : 1915 Sep
THE LAST STANDING COLUMN OF THE GREAT TEMPLE OF HERA: ISLAND OF SAMOS "Herodotus declared that the Temple of Hera was the largest seen by him in all his travels. All that remains of this great temple today is one solitary column, with a number of drums missing at the top and heaps of ruins scattered about, partly hidden by high weeds. The whole scene is one of desolation" (see text, page 245). and the Romans, which resulted in the destruction of the former. Today this ancient town is ruined and deserted, and a few shepherds living nearby form the only signs of life in the neighborhood. Teos was once an opu lent city of the Ionian Union, with stately edifices and all the refinements which ac company luxury and wealth. This is amply borne out by the ravished sepul chers, prostrate pillars, and inscriptions still extant. It was inclosed within a wall which must have been about four miles in circumference. The chief ruins consist of the walls, the temple of Bacchus, and a theater. The temple at one time was one of the most celebrated structures in Ionia. The theater was a spacious one, but only the vaults which supported the seats now re main to give some idea of its former capacity. The galleries have long since disappeared or become covered with a thick layer of earth. In the immediate neighborhood of Teos there are many tumuli, and situated near some hot springs are the ruins of a Roman bath. Teos would probably af ford a good field for excavation, as little has been done in this respect, for a ven erable olive grove now covers the major part of the ancient site. Not far from Teos is the Turkish town of Sivrihissar, which is partly built from the sculptured marbles of the ancient city. Many inscriptions are seen in the sides of the houses and in the walls which partition off the gardens and lanes.