National Geographic : 1916 Feb
Photograph from Frederick Simpich TURKISH SOLDIERS OF BAGDAD Note the strange head-dress of these soldiers. This "keffeya" is designated to protect the men from the fierce heat of the desert quarters, the subduer of nine armies in one year, when those armies he over came, and their kings he bound and brought before Enlil, in that day Libet ili, his son, patesi of Marad, built the temple of Lugal - Marada in Marad. Whoever alters this inscribed stone may the god Shamash and Lugal-Marada tear out his estate and extermine his seed for ever." A THOUSAND SITES UNOPENED Future maps of Babylonia will include the site of Wana-Sedoum, with its an cient name, Marad. The city is almost due west of Nippur, on the Euphrates, and a little south of west of Daghara. While many of the ancient sites of Baby lonia have been identified, as Sippar, Babylon, Nippur, Erech, Larsa, Ur, La gash, etc., and have been partially exca vated, hundreds in Babylonia and thou sands in western Asia, with their ruin hills practically untouched, retain their names as well as their secrets. Babylonia is covered with mounds of debris, the accumulations of millenniums. Mesopotamia, the ancestral home of the patriarchs, is completely dotted with these tells. And when we read in the historical inscriptions of the hundreds of sites which have not been identified, it is im possible even to surmise what marvelous revelations are in store when these ruin hills are opened by the pick and spade. Not long ago the Hittites were only known to us from the Old Testament. Now we know a mighty nation of Asia Minor sufficiently powerful to invade Babylonia a little later, 2000 B. C., and to be able to force Egypt later on, in the time of Rameses II, to make an inglori ous treaty with them. Not long ago Boghaskuei, one of its ancient capitals, with its ancient records written in cuneiform, was discovered (see NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, Feb ruary, 1910). Other sites are being ex cavated, and as a result the science of Hittitology is gradually being developed.