National Geographic : 1916 Jul
The Taming of Caoutchouc were not rewarded in material riches. He was never connected with a single successful company which manufac tured vulcanized rubber. In Eng land he was unable to interest capital. In France a company which he or ganized soon failed, and he was im prisoned for debt. In America he was content to license others to manufac ture under his patents. Charles Goodyear's reward is fame, ^T written indelibly in history. So great has been the appreciation of the rub ber industry for his wonderful inven tion, that a number of individual rub ber goods manufacturers have incor- o porated his name in theirs. Thus there are today, for instance, "Good year's India Rubber Glove Manufac turing Co." and "Goodyear's Metallic Rubber Shoe Co.," both manufactur ing rubber boots and shoes, and both integral parts of the United States Rubber Company. L. CANDEE & CO. FIRST LICENSED Rubber is In 1842 Goodyear granted to Lever ett Candee, of New Haven, a license to manufac ture under his newly perfected process of vul canization. With Henry and Lucius Hotchkiss, the firm of L. Candee & Co. was formed to manu facture rubber shoes. This was the first license Goodyear granted-74 years ago. The firm of L. Candee & Co. is still in existence as one of the large units of the United States Rubber Company, and the descendants of Henry and Lucius Hotch kiss are now active in the affairs of the latter company. So Goodyear gave rubber, halter-broken, to the world. That in itself was a wonderful gift and a great achievement. And not less great has been the ingenuity, the planning and the toil by which industry has harnessed rubber and trained it to perform the multitude of tasks you know of. Not only were the problems of adaptation and manufacturing tremendous; the public was at first suspicious. The first rubber shoes made by L. Candee & Co. were made over straight lasts-there were neither rights nor lefts. Mr. Downs, their sales man, used to carry these shoes around from store to store in baskets, and the doubting retail dealers would only accept them to be sold on commission. How far the development and the acceptance of rubber have traveled in the short, fast-mov ing three-quarters of a century since then! To what an extent it has become part of our lives! To be deprived of rubber now would turn our existences upside down. Picture such condition of affairs. IMAGINE A RUBBERLESS WORLD Without rubber overshoes and raincoats, the first rainy day would find us all unprotected against the wet. The lawn would wait for showers and the garden }would have to be watered with a S sprinkling can. The body's chill would no longer know the solace S.. of the rubber spine bag or hot water bottle; the fever, the bless Sing of an ice bag. S The automobile would stand S unused, for nobody has yet found a satisfactory substitute for rub ber tires. Mother, at home, with Sout jar rings, would no longer be -able to preserve fruits and vege tables. Father, at the office, could no longer snap a rubber band around his papers. Jimmy's stockings would always be down i,f around his ankles, for there would be no elastic bands to Biscuits." make garters of - and Jimmy wouldn't stand the pressure of bands that were not elastic. Little Susie would never know the ecstacy of mothering a rubber doll, and the baby would have to take nourish ment every three hours from a spoon. Without rubber for the laundry wringer rolls, the weekly wash would grow from a problem to a calamity. How sport would suffer! Without rubber-soled tennis and sport shoes, without tennis and golf balls, and without rubber bladders for footballs and punching bags, the world would be a drab place, indeed. Even the good old game of jack stones would be nothing but a memory. Imagine a child without a rubber ball! THE COMMUNITY LOSS The functions of rubber goods in medicine and surgery are vitally important. Infection and suf fering would increase enormously with its loss. Rubber fire hose is still the mainstay of the fire department, and the fire department is one of our last lines of defense. Rubber gaskets, washers and packings in pumps and valves play an essen tial part in supplying you water and all power which turns all wheels which produce all things. You have hardly a manufactured article, these days, in the production of which rubber does not take a hand. Man-made harbors are opened and kept open by the grace of rubber sleeves on. dredging pipes. The world's business corre spondence is conducted on typewriters with rub ber platens. The world's news is proclaimed in newspapers, in the printing of which a rubber blanket could not be replaced. Air and steam drills eat into the earth that great tunnels and ~ "