National Geographic : 1916 Aug
Photograph by Harriet Chalmers Adams STREET SCENE: SANTO DOMINGO CITY, THE CAPITAL "Still, in spite of it all, Santo Domingo remains one of the most fascinating and inspir ing cities in these waters . . To walk through its highways and its alleys is to turn over the pages of an old missal illumined with faded gilt and precious colors, the incense perfumed leaves of which are patched with shreds of gutter journals and interbound with gaudy prints, ballad sheets, and play bills." -TREVES. of peace during the life of the compact. Controlling the finances after the Santo Domingan plan, the United States ar ranged a new loan, most of it to be spent in refunding the debts of Nicaragua and the remainder in making certain internal improvements necessary to the progress of the country. Here, again, the plan worked beauti fully as long as hydra-headed revolution remained under cover. Trouble broke out again, however, and only the presence of American marines has served to keep the peace. The "outs" are bitterly against the r6le being played by the United States; but Nicaragua is being rejuve nated, in spite of every handicap that their state of mind entails. This rejuvenation consists in the plac ing of the country on a stable financial basis, both with respect to foreign credit and internal investments, the lowering of the death rate through sanitary work, the extension of education through the open ing of new schools, and the development of the country through financial arrange ments for the construction of a railroad from the west to the east coast, the dredg ing of the rivers, etc. That this all amounts to armed inter vention no one can deny. But both in Santo Domingo and Nicaragua the step was taken because necessity impelled it. Unless the United States was to be forced to abandon the Monroe Doctrine, it had either to deprive other countries of their remedies or else intervene itself. But it was and is an intervention only to discharge our international duty to the countries of Europe under the Monroe Doctrine and to rescue the countries in which we intervened from this hopeless morass of perpetual bloodshed and their people from the quicksands of unending riot. If conditions were bad in Santo Do mingo when the United States undertook to help the country back to peace and prosperity, they were worse in Nicaragua when we assumed the role of guardian. But even in Nicaragua they were mild indeed as compared with those obtaining in Haiti when our country finally stepped in there.