National Geographic : 1916 Aug
Photograph by A. S. Iddings. © Keystone View Co. AN ITALIAN SETTLER AND HIS FAMILY: MENDOZA, ARGENTINA Mendoza is the southern California of Argentina. Irrigation has long been successfully applied to its vineyards, which produce more wine than the combined vineyards of the entire United States of North America. The whole of the province lies at an altitude of more than 2,000 feet. Italians are, for the most part, employed in the cultivation of the grapes, the whole family accompanying husband and father to the field and assisting in tending the vines. The babies are put to sleep in improvised tents while their elders work. Spanish-American cities. We shall have occasion to return to the metropolis that is at once the heart and the brain of the country, but first let us look at the land itself, of which the port is the gateway. The location of Buenos Aires combines the advantages of those of New York and of New Orleans in all that relates to oversea and to inland commerce. Trans oceanic routes converge to the Rio de la Plata as they do to the Hudson; the navi gable waterways of the Parana-Paraguay reach as far into the interior as the Mis sissippi-Missouri and offer deeper chan nels to navigation. As far as Argentine jurisdiction extends, the Uruguay, Pa rana, and Paraguay rivers have been dredged and buoyed and already are pre pared to serve as arteries of commerce, such as the Mississippi is yet to become. North of the Rio de la Plata and be tween the Atlantic and the Parana-Para guay basin stretches the most beautiful and healthful region of semi-tropical South America. Here are the coffee plantations of Sao Paulo, Brazil, the most productive of the world; here the Ger man settlements of Santa Caterina and Rio Grande do Sul constitute the isolated Teutonic colonies; here Uruguay and Paraguay form buffer States between the great rivals, their neighbors, and here are included the rich Argentine Common wealths of Entre Rios and Corrientes.