National Geographic : 1917 Jan
THE TOWN OF KODIAK, ALASKA, AFTER THIE ERUPTION OF KATMAI The town is 100 miles from the volcano. Note the heavy deposits of white ashes covering hillsides and town. Dust fell as far away as Juneau, Ketchikan, and the Yukon Valley, distant 750, 900, and 600 miles, respectively, from the volcano. owes its climate, as does Ireland, to the tropical ocean current which bathes its shores. It is indeed a hundred and fifty miles farther north than Ireland, but this is more than counterbalanced by the pro tection from the Arctic Ocean afforded by the mainland. Many people will no doubt be aston ished to learn that the winter of Boston is far more severe than that of Kodiak, which more nearly resembles that of Washington, D. C. Indeed, an old lady, who had lived all her life in Kansas, found on returning there after two or three winters in Kodiak that the climate was almost unbearable and has been anx- ious ever since to return to the mild climate of Kodiak. The eastern half of the island is occu pied by a dense forest of spruce, whose trees reach a great size. Beyond the for est it is covered by a luxuriant grass land, which, in the abundance and fine quality of its hay and forage, surpasses any grazing lands in the United States proper and finds a parallel only in the "guinea grass" pastures of the tropics. At present this country is lying almost entirely neglected, but as Alaska passes from the stage of exploitation to that of development, these lands are destined to be much sought after for stock-raising.