National Geographic : 1917 Aug
I.UILI)ING MODERN STEEL PULLMANS, TIIIE ACME OF COMFORT \ND SAFETY One of the most striking examples of the improvement of transportation facilities in the march of progress is to be found in the present-day Pullman car, a direct descendant of one of the two parent wooden coaches remodeled into sleeping compartments by a cabinet-maker, George Mortimer Pullman, in 1859. The steel coach is a development of the last few years. It has minimized the number of fatalities consequent to railway accidents and is therefore a notable step forward along the line of economic progress. by a mechanical and research engineer of Michigan. Would you know the size of the Amer ican steel industry? Then reflect that even before the great world war broke out, even in the slack and uncertain days of 1914, it employed more people than live in Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, and Wyoming together -four States whose nggregate area is more than twice that of all Germany. The capital em- ployed is greater than the national wealth of Switzerland. The Republic of Portu gal - land, improvements, industrials, everything-is not worth as much by a billion dollars as America's steel products were in the single year 19Io, a year in which a ton of pig iron sold for less than one-third present quotations, and a ton of steel likewise. Think of an ore train so long that it would take a fortnight to pass a given point, running at full freight-train speed and never stopping! Think of ore ships moving in column formation and stretch ing from Detroit, Mich., to Erie, Pa.! Think of a row of blast furnaces reach ing from New York City to Chester, Pa.; of a column of rolling mills and pud dling furnaces reaching from New York to Indianapolis! Think of a stream of ten tons of liquid iron flowing out as molten pig metal every second of the year! Then you will begin to get a picture of the vastness of the steel industry. It is steel, steel, steel, everywhere and al ways- steel for guns, steel for shells. steel for ships. Without American steel the German submarine would conquer the oceans, the German war machine would starve our Allies, overrun France, master Russia, and work its own good pleasure upon all the earth. But with American steel that can never be (lone. The road to victory for autocracy has been closed by the unyielding gate which American industry has put across its path.