National Geographic : 1917 Sep
Photograph from Boston Photo News Company THE ST. VLADIMIR MONUMENT AND THE RIVER DNIEPER: KIEF, RUSSIA Sixty-two feet high, cast in bronze from the design of Baron Klodt, it was erected in 1853. The relief on the lofty pedestal represents the baptism of the Russian people. Above is the figure of the saint holding a cross. In 988 St. Vladimir adopted Christianity and mar ried Anne, sister of the Greek Emperors, Basil and Constantine, and on his return to his own country he caused his people to be baptized. form a military caste around the prince, but would return immediately to the soil. If one studies closely the Russian epic, he comes to the conclusion that the Rus sian nature, being very peaceful, always unhesitatingly, as a matter of natural duty, stands up as one man for the de fense of his country and of what he thinks is right. And so it happened in this war. A UNANIMOUS RESPONSE TO THE WAR'S CALL From the very beginning of the pres ent war the spirit of the Russian people, of the peasants especially. (who form three-fourths of the population of Rus sia), was really marvelous. The rapidity with which the mobilization was carried on in Russia surprised not only the whole outside world but Russia itself. A people never responded so unanimously to a war call as they did in Russia at the time of the first mobilization. There are times in the history of the human race when people, more by intui tion than by reasoning, are able to com prehend a situation. More by intuition perhaps than by reasoning the Russian people, and particularly the peasants, un derstand that this war is different from other wars; that it is not only a question of mere defense of homes, 'towns, of wives and children, but also some great principle is at stake-a principle which means the creation of a new epoch.