National Geographic : 1917 Oct
323. MAINE'S present flag dates from the year 1909. It consists of a field of blue, the same color as the blue field in the flag of the United States, the flag being five feet six ifiches long and four feet four inches wide. In the center there is embroidered in silk on both sides the coat-of-arms of the State, in propor tionate size. The edges of the flag are trimmed with modern fringe of yellow silk two and a half inches wide. A cord and tassel, to be attached to the staff at the spearhead, is eight feet six inches long and composed of white and blue strands. The length of the staff is nine feet, including the brass spearhead and ferrule. The laws protecting the State flag are the same as those protecting the national flag. Any one who uses it for purposes of adver tisement or who mutilates, tramples, or other wise defaces or defiles it, whether public or private property, shall be punished by a fine of not less than five nor more than fifty dollars. 324. MISSOURI formally adopted an official flag in 1913. It is rectangular in shape, the vertical width being seven-twelfths the hori zontal length. The field consists of one red, one white, and one blue horizontal stripe of equal width, the red at the top and the blue at the bottom. In the center there is a band of blue in the form of a circle inclosing the coat of-arms in the colors established by law. The width of the blue band is one-fourteenth the vertical width of the flag, and the diameter of the circle is one-third the horizontal length of the flag. In the blue band there are set at equal distances from each other twenty-four five-pointed stars. Within the circle on a ground of white is the coat-of-arms of the State. The sinister (left) half of the circular shield shows the American eagle as it appears upon the great seal of the United States. The upper dexter (right) quarter is blue, with a white crescent. The lower dexter quarter is red, with a grizzly-bear. It is supported by two grizzly bears. 325. ARKANSAS as early as 1876 used an of ficial State flag at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. This was a red field bearing the arms of the State. But this design was never recognized by the legislature. Instead, in 1913, a committee, of which the Secretary of State was chairman, examined a number of designs and selected one for the emblem of the Commonwealth. This the General Assembly adopted by concurrent resolution, approved February 26, 1913. It consists of a red field upon which is imposed a blue-bordered white diamond bearing the word "Arkansas" and three five-pointed stars, in blue. On the blue border of the diamond are twenty-five five pointed white stars, which proclaim the fact that Arkansas was the twenty-fifth State to be come a part of the American Union. 326. MICHIGAN'S present flag dates from 1911, when an act was passed to adopt and pre scribe the design of the coat-of-arms and a State flag, and their use, and also to prohibit their desecration in any way. The law pro vides that the flag of the State shall be blue, with the coat - of - arms superimposed on the center. The coat-of-arms consists of the de vice and inscription of the great seal of the State presented by Lewis Cass through the con-- stitutional convention held preliminary to its admission into the Union. Only the words "The Great Seal of the State of Michigan, A. D. 1835," are omitted. The coat-of-arms consists principally of a shield with the device "Tuebor" (I will defend), supported by an elk and a moose, rampant. An American eagle with wings outstretched forms the crest. On the lower part of the shield is a rising sun and a man, dressed in rustic garb, standing on a peninsula, his right arm raised and his left resting on a gun stock. On an unending scroll below appears the motto, "Si quaeris peninsu lam, amoenam, circumspice" (If thou seekest a beautiful peninsula, look around). 327. FLORIDA has had several State flags, but the present one dates from 1899. In that year the Florida Legislature adopted a joint reso lution providing that the dimensions of the flag should be three-fourths as wide as long, and that in the center of the field should be placed the seal of the State, its diameter to be one third the length of the flag and its ground to be white. Red bars with the width one-eighth the length of the flag extending from each corner toward the center to the outer rim of the seal. In the seal appears a view of the sun's rays, a highland in the distance, a cocoa nut tree, a steamboat on water, and an Indian woman scattering flowers in the foreground. The words "In God We Trust" appear on the inner rim of the device. Florida's seal was adopted by the Constitutional Convention of 1868 and has been ratified by succeeding con ventions. 328. TEXAS. - The lone star flag of Texas dates from the days of the Republic. The third Congress of the embryo nation fixed its design, which has never been altered. It con sists of a blue perpendicular bar next to the staff, one-third the length of the flag, with a star of five points in the center. The other two-thirds of the flag is made up of two hori zontal bars, of equal width, one white and the other red, the white at the top. Some years ago a hoodlum committed an act of desecration against the flag, which was roundly punished by a native Texan. The State legislature was so pleased with the performance that it passed a special act commending the man who had thrashed the offender. 329. IOWA is the latest recruit to the list of States having an officially adopted flag. On May II, 1917, the State Regent of the Daugh ters of American Revolution submitted a de sign to the War Council of Iowa, which promptly approved it. The design was copy righted and the committee having charge of its preparation was extended a vote of thanks by the Council. The flag as adopted consists of a field of white, on the upper half of which is an eagle in natural colors in flight, carrying in its beak a long pennant upon which appear the words "Our Liberties We Prize And Our Rights We Will Maintain." Below this pen nant appears in large block type the word Iowa. The national colors are preserved, the field being white, the lettering of the motto blue, and the word Iowa red. The flag will be of regulation size and form, and copies of it are to be widely distributed by the Daughters of the American Revolution throughout the State.