National Geographic : 1918 Aug
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY HUBBARD MEMORIAL HALL SIXTEENTH AND M STREETS, WASHINGTON, D. C . O. H. TITTMANN GILBERT H. GROSVENOR, DIRE( JOHN OLIVER LA GORCE . A O. P. AUSTIN . 1916-1918 FRAIKLIX K. LANE Secretary of the Interior \ILLIAMr HOWARD T'FAFT Formerly President of the United States C. M . CHESTER Rear Admiral U. S. Navy, Formerly Supt. U. S . Naval Observatory IF'REDERICK . COVIII.E Formerly President of Wash ington Academy of Sci ences JoHN E. PILLSBURY Rear Admiral U. S. Navy, Formerly Chief Ilureau of Navigation I -TDOI.II KAUFvFMA N Managing Editor The Even ing Star T. L. MACDONALD. \[.D., F.A.C.S. S. N. D. NORTnI Formerly Director U. S. Bu reau of Census CT SS PRESIDENT JOHN E. PILLSBURY R AND EDITOR JOHN JOY EDSON SGEORGE W. HUTCHISON, OCIATE EDITOR WILLIAM J. SHOWALTER . SECRETARY RALPH A. GRAVES BOARD OF MANAGERS 1917-1919 ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL CHARLES Inventor of the telephone Presic and J. HOWARD GORE Prof. Emeritus Mathematics, , OH NX Jc The George Washington Chair University Wa Cor A. W . GREELY Arctic Explorer, Major Gen'l DAVID F U. S. Army InC Exj GILBERT H. GROSVENOR of Editor of National Geo- C. HART graphic Magazine M emb GEORGE OTIS SMITH of Director of U. S. Geological OP.A1 Survey Statis 0. H. TITTMIANN Formerly Superintendent of GEORGE U. S. Coast and Geodetic Comn Survey of HENRY WIIITE GEORGE Formerly U. S. Ambassador Form< to France, Italy, etc. gre and JOHN M. WILSON phe Brigadier General U. S. Army, Formerly Chief of GRANT Engineers New VICE-PRESIDENT . TREASURER ASSISTANT SECRETARY . ASSISTANT EDITOR ASSISTANT EDITOR 1918-1920 J. BELL lent American Security STrust Company Y EDSON man of the lBoard, shington Loan & Trust npany AIRCHILD harge of Agricultural plorations. Department Agriculture MERRIAM her National Academy Sciences USTIN tician R. PUTNAM lissioner U. S. Lighthouses Bureau SIIIRAS, 3D erly Member U. S. Con ss, Faunal Naturalist, Wild-Game Photogra er SQUIRES York To carry out the purpose for which it was founded twenty-eight years ago, namely. "the increase and diffusion of geographic knowledge," the National Geographic Society publishes this Magazine. All receipts from the publication are invested in the Magazine itself or expended directly to promote geographic knowledge and the study of geography. Articles or photographs from members of the Society. or other friends, are desired. For material that the Society can use, adequate remuneration is made. Contributions should be accompanied by an addressed return envelope and postage, and be addressed: GILBERT H. GROSVENOR, EDITOR CONTRIBUTING EDITORS A. W. GREELY C. HART MERRIAM O. H. TITTMANX ROBERT HOLLISTER CHAPMAN WALTER T. SWINGLE ALEXANDER GRAITAM BELL DAVID FAIRCHILD HUGH M. SMIITH N. H. DARTON FRANK M. CHAPMAN Copyright. 1918, bv National Geographic Society. Washington, D. C. All rights reserved. Entered at the Post-Office at Washington, D. C .. as Second-Class Mail Matter. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in Sec. 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized July i, 1918.