National Geographic : 1918 Dec
508 THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE © Press Illustrating Service POLES IN PROCESSION AT THE FUNERAL OF A FAMOUS AMERICAN PRELATE The square-topped caps distinguish the uniforms of the Polish soldiers, while the fore most private citizen of Poland, Ignace Paderewski, leads this contingent of his countrymen who are paying a final tribute to the late Cardinal Farley. Thousands of Poles in America who had not been naturalized, and therefore were not subject to the draft, volunteered for service against the Germans and were trained at a mobilization camp near Niagara Falls. On the western front the Polish Legion shared honors of war with the famous French Foreign Legion (see also page 499). Prussian is applied to all Prussian subjects, the great majority belong to States spoliated or destroyed. This system was endured and favored as long as attended by the glamour of foreign military success. In the wars with Denmark, Austria-Hungary, and France, it intoxicated by triumphs, electric in rapidity. But the first great disaster was sure to hurl it to the ground amid the awakened scorn and detestation of the German people. The political delirium now sweeping over Germany is manifestation of this awakening. SLAVIC TRIBES IN GERMANY Slavic tribes, formerly scattered through Germany as far as the Elbe, have been almost entirely absorbed into the German population. The Polabs. once numerous. were probably the last to disappear. The district in eastern Hanover, where their language was spoken as late as the seventeenth century, is still called Wend. In Lusatia, the name derived from the Slav tribe Lusitzi, now belonging to Saxony and Prussia, there are about 170,000 Sorbs, or Wends. In most difficult circumstances they have resolutely retained their language and customs in the midst of a German population eight times their number. Forgotten by the world and gradually becoming Germanized, they were vitalized by a remarkable national istic awakening at the beginning of the nine teenth century. Ill-treated in Prussia, they have been favored in Saxony, where their capi tal, Bautzen, is an intellectual center. Their language is intermediate between Polish and Czech.