National Geographic : 1918 Dec
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE 481 Photograph by Erdelyi CROATIAN MAN AND WIFE: COSTLY THEIR HABITS AS THEIR PURSE CAN BUY, AND OFT EXPRESSED IN FANCY, RICH AND GAUDY Before the war, market day in Agram, the capital of Croatia and Slavonia, was a pic turesque occasion, with the peasants resplendent in their gaily colored embroideries on white garments, their bright shoes and mantles. The life of many of these peasants is extremely hard, and in some families the women are said to wear no clothing above their waists while indoors. their descendants to be known as Pomaks. Many fled the country. By the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78, Russia freed Bulgaria. The emancipated State, called the Princi pality of Bulgaria, included only the region north of the Balkans. To it was added, by popular revolution, seven years later, the prov ince of Eastern Roumelia, south of the Bal kans. Bulgaria, though free, was made by the Great Powers tributary to the Sultan as a vas- sal State. In 1908 it declared itself independ ent, and the prince proclaimed himself "Tsar of all the Bulgarians." Many Bulgarians, Greeks, and Serbians still remained under the Turkish yoke. To free their fellow countrymer and coreligionists, al lied Bulgaria, Greece. Montenegro, and Serbia made successful war against the Turks in 1912. For the first time the four Balkan Christian States acted together.