National Geographic : 1919 Jul
EXPLORING UNKNOWN CORNERS OF THE "HERMIT KINGDOM" THE KOREAN PEASANT WOMAN'S NECK MUSCLES ARE AS WELL DEVELOPED FOR BURDEN-BEARING UPON THE HEAD AS ARE THOSE OF THE SOUTHERN DARKY The man of the family usually prefers to do his bit between his shoulders, his load being strapped to a bamboo rack (see illustrations on pages 32 and 44). Every house is raised a foot or two above the ground, and a wide flue runs beneath the floor, emerging at the other end in a tall chimney, made in the north from a hollow log. When a fire is built at the entrance to the flue, the smoke and heat are drawn beneath the house, keeping the rooms warm during even the coldest days of winter (see page 38). At Muryantei we left the push railway and, with our equipment piled in three creaking bull-carts, proceeded westward toward Musan, the largest town in north- eastern Korea. The valley up which we traveled was extensively cultivated, and with its two rows of telephone and tele graph poles along the road presented an astonishingly occidental appearance. Ex cept where a group of picturesque, thatch roofed huts nestled into the hillside or strung themselves along the edge of a streamlet, there was little to suggest that we were not among the foothills of Mon tana or Wyoming, in my own country, Io,ooo miles away. It was most disap pointingly civilized, but interesting withal.