National Geographic : 1919 Aug
Photograph byJ.Perestrello THE NATIONAL SPORT OF SPAIN, IN WHICH THE MATADOR SUPPLANTS THE GLADIATOR OF THE ANCIENT ROMAN ARENA "Bread and butter," says the American, to express the ultimate necessaries; "pan y toros," says theSpaniard, meaning "bread and bulls." By edict of Carranza, bull fighting has been abolished in Mexico, and the magnificent stadium in MexicoCity, seating I8,ooo, hasbeen converted into an open-air opera house. Despite attacks like that in the novel of Ibanez, having a popular vogue here since itstranslation, thesport introduced by the Moors and perpetuated by Charles V and Philip IV, both amateur matadors, persistsinSpain. More than 200towns and cities have their plaza de toros, varying in size, but alike in two features, a hospital and a chapel, where matadors receive thesacrament before entering the ring. More than a thousand bulls of high breed are killed yearly; many others are injured or discarded.