National Geographic : 1920 Jan
RUINS AT LAODICEA, CITY OF ONE OF THE SEVEN CHURCHES OF THE APOCALYPSE Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamos, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea are well known to students of Revelation. The Laodiceans were lukewarm in their belief and were so self-satisfied in their material wealth that Paul censured them severely. This fine city, named for the wife of Antiochus II, suffered at the hands of Timur the Lame and was re peatedly damaged by earthquakes. Photographs from Mary Mills Patrick GUZELHISSAR, MEANING BEAUTIFUL TOWERS, IS THE TURKISH NAME FOR ANCIENT TRALLES, WHOSE RUINS ARE TO BE FOUND EIGHT MILES FROM THE BANKS OF THE MEANDER RIVER The town, which is found on English maps as Aidin, sits astride the Eudon, an affluent of the historic Maeander. The tanning of morocco leather and the export of cotton and figs are the chief industries, but to the epicure of Turkey the city is famous for its sweetmeats. Tralles was once the strongest fortress in the broad valley of the winding river from which we derive the word "meander."