National Geographic : 1920 Mar
VOL. XXXVII, No. 3 WASHINGTON MARCH, 1920 THE, NAGAZlE llNA=i^II COPYRIGHT.1920. BY NATIONALGEOGRAPHICSOCIETY.WASHINGTON, D. C. MASSACHUSETTS-BEEHIVE OF BUSINESS BY WILLIAM JOSEPH SHOWALTER ILLIPUT in area, Brobdingnag in industry; forced to get its bread elsewhere, but helping to clothe na tions; longest American, except Virginia, in the span of its history, yet least Amer ican, except Rhode Island and the Can ada-bordering States of the Mississippi Valley, in the ancestral stock of its pres ent inhabitants; losing half of its im proved farm lands in thirty years, while doubling its population-Massachusetts rewards the. investigator of its twentieth century status with many contrasts and not a few paradoxes. Everybody knows that the Bay State is one of the smallest of the Commonwealths that compose the United States of Amer ica, but who realizes that it takes as many Massachusetts to make a United States as it takes days to make a leap year? Or who appreciates the fact that in area there are as many Bay States in California as there are holes in a full golf course. A GIANT IN ALL SAVE SIZE The crow needs to fly only 135 miles in going from Sheffield to Salisbury, or only 180 miles in winging its way from Grey lock's summit to Chatham's sands, while the distance between Lake Monomonac, which spans the New Hampshire bound ary, and Lake Chaugogagogmanchaugag ogchaubunagungamaug, which touches Connecticut, is only a little longer than the name of the latter. But this midget in domain is a giant in power. Measured by the products of its factories, by its financial contributions to the Federal Government, it occupies fifth place in the sisterhood; measured by the money it annually appropriates for its own betterment, it attains fourth place from the top, and is a lively disputant with Illinois for third; measured by the debt it has dared to incur in order to pro mote the welfare of its people, it takes second place, despite the fact that there are seven States that surpass it in wealth. This year Plymouth, Massachusetts, plans to entertain the country in honor of the 300 years that will have passed since New England was born. There are citi zens in the Bay State who have ten gen erations or more of American blood in their veins. Yet two-thirds of the people of the Commonwealth have sprung from parents one or both of whom were born under alien flags. Where Paul Revere lived in Revolu tionary times is now Little Italy, almost as foreign in the tongue spoken as Naples or Genoa. With only a third of the State's population born of parents who first saw the light in America, how small must be the percentage born of full colonial lineage ! But is Massachusetts less American for its tremendous foreign stock? Look at the recruiting records-holding sixth place in population, but fifth in voluntary enlistments for the World War. Look at the Liberty Loan records-third place in the first and second loans and fourth place in the other three.