National Geographic : 1920 Aug
Photographs by American Colony, Jerusalem RUINS OF THE CHURCH OF ST. SIMEON STYLITES, NEAR ANTIOCH Simeon was the first and most famous of a group of religious zealots known as Pillar-hermits. He built a pillar six feet high and began to live upon it. From time to time he built new pillars, each succeeding column higher than the previous one, until finally he was residing sixty feet in air. On this last pillar he lived for thirty years without once descending to the ground. His followers used a ladder to take to him the necessaries of life. THE DOORWAY OFTHE MONASTERY OF ST. SIMEON STYLITES This monastery wasthe center ofthe order ofthe Pillar-hermits. At the age of thirty, Simeon was expelled from one monastery on ac count of his excessiveausterity. Itwas then that hebegan his life on top of a pillar, from which hepreached daily, exercising great in fluence over the populace, converting many heathen toChristianity, and taking an active part inecclesiastical politics. At his death his body was removed to Antioch and his grave became ashrine.