National Geographic : 1921 Jul
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE THIE WINTER GUIILS In winter, the gulls surround th- fishing vessel During the summer they are not so co is allowed to drift astern. The painter is made fast to a pin in the schooner's taffrail and the dory is towed along by the schooner. As the other dories are launched, they are dropped astern, made fast to each other, and towed by the schooner (see illustration, page 13). When all the dories are overside, the skipper, at the wheel of the schooner, de termines the direction in which he wants to set his lines, and the dories are let go, one at a time, as the vessel sails along. A schooner "running" ten dories will have them distributed at equal distances along a four- or five-mile line and Number One dory is often out of sight from the posi tion of Number Ten. € READ Y FOR THE HAUL The lines may be "set" for periods varying from thirty minutes to half a f . When the last dory has been dropped, the skipper will either "jog" down the line again or remain hove-to in the vicinity of the weather dory while the men are fishing. In the dories, when the schooner has let them go, - one fisherman ships the oars and pulls the boat in the direction given him by the skipper, while the other prepares the gear for "setting." r-- The end line of the first o "tub" of baited long-line is made fast to a light iron anchor to which a stout line and buoy-keg is attached. This is thrown over into the water, and the fisherman, standing up in the stern of the dory with the tub of long-line before him, proceeds to heave the baited gear into the sea by means of a short stick which he holds in his right hand. With this "heaving stick" he dexterously whirls the coils of line and hooks out of the tub and the long-line goes to the sea-bottom. es by hundreds. Three or four tubs, the )flmmon1. lines joined together, may be set in this fashion, and another anchor and buoy is made fast to the last end. The long-line now lies on the bottom of the sea and is prevented from drifting or snarling up in bottom or tidal currents by the anchors at each end. The fishermen in the dory hang on to the last anchor until it is time to haul the gear, or they may leave it altogether and pull back aboard the schooner again, leav ing the location of their lines to be marked by a flag or "black-ball" thrust into the buoy-keg attached to the anchors at each endl.