National Geographic : 1922 Sep
Photograph from Harriet Chalmers Adams AN ARAUCANIAN HOME, SOUTHERN CHILE There remain Ioo,ooo Araucanian Indians in Chile, the most valorous of all South American aborigines, for centuries unconquered byInca, Spaniard, or Chilean. They call themselves "Mapuche," which means "people of the country." The Mapuche learned weaving from the Incas of Peru, who tried to conquer them. Prior to that period they wore guanaco-skin garments (see text, page 249).