National Geographic : 1922 Dec
646 THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE . l| the next morning we had our initiation Into the difficulties and dangers of Ant arctic navigation. After leaving the "roaring forties," we . had crossed the "furious fifties" and were 0 now in the "ice-clad sixties," where con S stant watchfulness and careful seaman 0i ship were necessary to prevent disaster. Ii Towering ice islands loomed up on 0 every side out of the fog, mist, and driv ing snow. They became so numerous - that the course had to be changed fre ! quently and quickly, while the small , pieces of ice, or "calves," scattered about " Were a constant menace. It seemed like trying to sail down Broadway with all i t the skyscrapers gone wild and drifting } around in our pathway. These huge bergs were immediately < north of the close ice pack encountered Sby Ross in 1842. They had broken away From the great ice barrier which sur i rounds the Antarctic Continent and were I slowly drifting northward, where they would finally break up, melt, and disap Spear in the warmer latitudes. THIRTY BERGS SEEN IN ONE DAY S More than 30 icebergs were sighted Sthe first day, the largest number seen . in a single day during the entire trip around the South Pole. The temperature of both the air and the sea water dropped i1 to half a degree below freezing, the low est temperature experienced during the cruise. Our heaviest snowfall accom S- panied the lowest barometric pressure re corded-28.26 inches. For more than eight days we were sail a ing almost due east among icebergs more i or less numerous, with cold, damp weather, fog, and blizzards. The last Sberg seen before nearing South Georgia 'was sighted near the position given for Dougherty Island, and at a distance was mistaken by everyone on board for an island. z 1Orders were given to start the engine in Order to land on the new island, but an 4approach within three miles revealed the fact that our new discovery was another iceberg. The reflection of the light from the vertical face resembled a dark, rocky cliff, and the sloping top showed white, making the whole appear as a snow capped, rocky island.