National Geographic : 1923 Jan
THE ISLAND OF SARDINIA AND ITS PEOPLE INTERIOR OF A FISHERMAN'S COTTAGE AT CASTEL SARDO The oven and open fireplace are operated inside the one room. The cats, dogs, pigs, children, parents, and chickens all live together in unsanitary harmony. Sardinia will always be Italian. Her sons have a strong attachment for their motherland, and Italy in turn owes much to the Sardinians for what they did dur ing the World War. No soldiers proved more faithful and brave. In this connection, it is appropriate to record that Sardinia will never forget what the American Red Cross has done for her children. This great organization has taught us to train our young people as Americans train their own. VARIETY IN MANNERS AND COSTUMES In Sardinia, which is so small in com parison with the countries by which it is surrounded, an intelligent visitor is at once impressed by the variety of scenery within a limited field. He notes, too, a difference in manners and habits between the inhabitants of neighboring districts and his ears soon detect the different dia lects spoken in the villages through which he passes. The infinite variety of man ners, speech, and costumes enhances the pleasure of his tour. In reply to a letter from the Italian poet D'Annunzio, asking for some col loquial expressions in Sardinian dialect which he wanted to put into the mouth of one of the characters of his comedy, "Piu che l'Amore" (More Than Love), Enrico Costa replied: "Your faithful Sardinian servant, who is very affectionate toward his master, begs leave to point out that it is errone ously believed by the people of continental Italy, and often by the islanders them selves, that Sardinia has but one aspect. It is not so. Sardinia may be divided into zones, and from zone to zone there is a great change of scenery, habits, cus toms, language, and expressions. Tell me, then, if you please, in what part of Sar dinia you want your servant to be born ?" Five years later J. E. Crawford Flitch wrote, "Sardinia is as surprising in its physical as in its racial contrasts." He makes a comparison between the highlands of Nuoro, which he calls the Switzerland of Sardinia, and the low, marshy lands of Oristano, which suggest to him Holland; yet from dne district to the other is but a few hours in what he calls "toy trains."