National Geographic : 1924 Dec
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY GEOGRAPHIC ADMINISTRATION BUILDINGS SIXTEENTH AND M STREETS NORTHWEST, WASHINGTON, D. C. GILBERT GROSVENOR, President IIENRY WHITE, Vice-President JOHN OLIVER LA GORCE, Vice-President O. P . AUSTIN, Secretary JOHN JOY EDSON, Treasurer GEO. W. IIUTCIIISON, Associate Secretary BOYD TAYLOR, Assistant Treasurer EDWIN P. GROSVENOR, General Counsel FREDERICK V. COVILLE, Chairman Committee on Research EXECUTIVE STAFF OF TIE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE GILBERT GROSVENOR. EDITOR \V,ILIAM J. SHOWALT Assistant Editor CIARLES J. BELL President American Security and Trust Company JOHN JOY EDSON Chairman of the Hoard. Was'i ington Loan & Trust Company DAVID FAIRCIIILD In Charge of Agricultural Ex plorations, U. S. Department of Agriculture. C. IART MERRIAM Member National Academy of Sciences O. P . AUSTIN Statistician GEORGE R. PUTNAM Commissioner U. S. Bureau of Lighthouses GEORGE SIIRAS, 31 Formerly Member U. S . Coiin gress, Faunal Naturalist, and Wild-game Photographer E. LESTER JONES Director U. S. Coast and Geo detic Survey JOHN OLIVER LA GORCE, Associate Editor ER RALPH A. GRAVES Assistant Editor Ch J. R. IIILDEBRAND, Chief of School Service BOARD OF TRUSTEES WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT Chief Justice of the United States GRANT SQUIRES Military Intelligence Division, General Staff, New York FRANKLIN L. FISHER .ief of Illustrations Division JOHN BARTON PAYNE Chairman American Red Cross J. TOWARD GORE Prof. Emeritus Mathematics, The George Washington University C. M. CHESTER A W. GREELY Rear Admiral U. S. Navy, For merly Sup. . S. Naval o- Arctic Explorer, Major General servatory S. Army FREDERICK V. COVILLE Botanist, U. S . )Dpartment of Agriculture GILBERT GROSVENOR Editor of National Geographic Magazine RUDOLPH KAUFFMANN GEORGE OTIS SMITH Managing Editor The Evening Director U. S. Geological Survey Star JOHN FOOTE, M. I). Professor of Pediatrics, George town University S. N. D. NORTII Formerly Director U. S. Bureau of Census JOHN OLIVER LA GORCE Associate Editor National Geo graphic Magazine O. II. TITTMANN Formerly Superintendent I'. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey IIENRY WHITE Member American Peace Com mission, Formerly U. S. Am bassador to France, Italy, etc. STEPHEN T. MATTER Director National Park Service ORGANIZED FOR "THE INCREASE AND DIFFUSION OF GEOGRAPHIC KNOWLEDGE" TO carry out the purposes for which it was founded thirty-six years ago, the National Geographic Society publishes this Magazine. All re ceipts are invested in the Magazine itself or expended directly to promote geographic knowledge. ARTICLES and photographs are desired. For material which the Magazine can use, generous remuneration is made. Contributions should be accompanied by an addressed return envelope and postage. IMMEDIATELY after the terrific eruption of the world's largest crater, Mt. Katmai, in Alaska, a National Geographic Society expedition was sent to make observations of this remarkable phenom enon. Four expeditions have followed and the extra ordinary scientific data resultant given to the world. In this vicinity an eighth wonder of the world was discovered and explored-"The Valley of Ten Thou sand Smokes," a vast area of steaming, spouting fissures. As a result of The Society's discoveries this area has been created a National Monument by proc lamation of the President of the United States. AT an expense of over $50,000 The Society sent a notable series of expeditions into Peru to investigate the traces of the Inca race. Their discoveries form a large share of our knowledge of a civilization waning when Pizarro first set foot in Peru. THE Society also had the honor of sub scribing a substantial sum to the expedition of Admiral Peary, who discovered the North Pole. NOT long ago The Society granted $25,000, and in addition $75,000 was given by individual members to the Government when the congressional appropriation for the purpose was insufficient, and the finest of the giant sequoia trees of California were thereby saved for the American people. THE Society is conducting extensive explora tions and excavations in northwestern New Mexico, which was one of the most densely populated areas in North America before Columbus came, a region where prehistoric peoples lived in vast com munal dwellings and whose customs, ceremonies, and name have been engulfed in an oblivion. THE Society also is maintaining expeditions in the unknown area adjacent to the San Juan River in southeastern Utah, and in Yunnan, Kweichow. and Kansu, China-all regions virgin to scientific study. Copyright, 1924, by National Geographic Society, Washington, D. C., in the United States and Great Britain. All rights reserved. Entered at the Post Office at Washington, D. C., as Second-Class Mail Matter. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in Sec. 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized July I, 1918.