National Geographic : 1925 Mar
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY GEOGRAPHIC ADMINISTRATION BUILDINGS SIXTEENTH AND M STREETS NORTHWEST, WASHINGTON, D. C . HE RY WHITE, Vice-President O. P. AUSTIN, Sec\-etary GEO. W . HUTCHISON, Associate Secretary EDWIN P. GROSVE OR, General Counsel COVILLE, Chairman Committee on Research GILBERT GROSVE OR, President JOH OLIVER LA GORCE, Vice-President JOH JOY EDSON, Treasurer BOYD TAYLOR, Assistant Treasurer FREDERICK V. EXECUTIVE STAFF OF THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC :'L\GAZI E GILBERT GROSVENOR, EDITOR JOHN OLIVER LA GORCE. Associate Editor WILLIAM J. SHOWALTER RALPII A. GRAVES FRANKLIN L. FISHER Assistant Editor Assistant Edito\- Chief of Illustrations Division J. R IIILDEDRAND, Chief of School Service BOARD OF TRUSTEES GRANT SQUIRES Military Intelligence Division, TOHN BARTOl PAY E General Staff, New York - Chairman l\merican Red Cross CHARLES J. BELL President American Security and Trust Company . JOH JOY EDSOX Chairman of the Board, Wash- ington Loan & Trust Company DAVID FAIRCHILD In Charge of Agricultural Ex- plorations, U. S . Department of Agriculture C. HART 1\JERRIA:'[ Member National Academy of Sciences WILLI AM HOWARD TAFT Chief Justice of the United States C. M. CHESTER Rear Admiral U. S . 1 avy, For- merly Supt. . S . ),faval Ob- servatory J. HOWARD GORE Prof. Emeritus 1\lathematics, The George Wa hington University CHARLES G. DAWES Vice-President Elect of the United States A. W . GREELY Arctic Explorer, :'fajor General U. S. _ \nny GILnERT GRO \'E:\,OR Editor of National Geographic Magazine O. P. AUSTIN Statistician GEORGE R. PUTNA:'1 Commissioner U. S . Bureau of Lighthouses GEORGE SHIRAS, 3D Formerly :'lember U. S . Con- g\-ess, Faunal Naturalist, and Wild-game Photographer E. LESTER JONES Director U. S . Coast and Geo- detic Survey FREDERICK \'. COVILLE Botanist, U. S . Department of Agriculture RUDOLPH KAUFFMANN Managing Editor The Evening Star JOHN FOOTE, M. D . Professor of Pediatrics, George- town University JOHN OLIVER LA GORCE Associate F,ditol- ational Geo- graphic 1agazine GEORGE OTIS S:\fITH Director U. S . Geological Survey O. II . TITT1\1ANN Formerly Supel-intendent U. S . Coast and Geodetic Survey IIENRY WHITE Member American Peace Com- mission, Formerly U. S . i\m- bassador to France, Italy, etc. STEPHEN T. lATHER Director ational Park Service ORGANIZED FOR "THE INCREASE AND DIFFUSION OF GEOGRAPHIC KNOWLEDGE" TO carry out the purposes for which it was founded thirty-seven years ago, the National Geographic Society publishes this :Magazine. All re- ceipts are invested in the Magazine itself or expended directly to promote geographic knowledge. ARTICLES and photographs are desired. For material which the Maga.zine can use, generous remuneration is made. Contributions should be accompanied by an addressed return envelope and postage. IMMEDIATELY after the terrific eruption of the world's largest crater, Mt. Katmai, in Alaska, a National Geographic Society expedition was sent to make observations of this remarkable phenom- enon. Four expeditions have followed and the ex- traordinary scientific data resulting given to the world. In this vicinity an eighth wonder of the world was discovered and explored-"The Valley of Ten Thou- sand Smokes," a vast area of steaming, spouting fissures. As a result of The Society's discoveries this area has been created a National Monument by proc- lamation of the President of the United States. A T an expen e of over $50,000 The Society sent a notable series of expeditions into Peru to investigate the traces of the Inca race. Their discoveries form a large share of our knowledge of a civilization waning when Pizano first set foot in Peru. THE Society also had the honor of sub- scribing a substantial sum to the expedition of Admiral Peary, who discovered the orth Pole. NOT long ago The Society granted $25,000, and in addition $75,000 was given by individual members to the Government when the congressional appropriation for the pUl-pose was insufficient, and thc finest of the giant sequoia trees of alifornia were thereby saved for the American people. THE Society is conducting extensive explora- tions and excavations in northwestern New Mexico, which was one of the most densely populated areas in Torth America hefol-e Columbus came, a region where prehistoric peoples lived in vast com- munal dwellings and whose customs. ceremonies, and name have been engulfed in an oblivion. THE Society also is maintaining expeditions in the unknown area ad i acent to the San Juan River in southeastern Utah, and in Yunnan, Kweichow, and Kansu, China-all regions virgin to scientific study. Copyright, 1925, by ational Geographic Societv, Wa hing-ton, D. C ., in the United States and Great Britain. All rights reserved. Entered at the Post Office at \Vashington, D. C ., as Second-Class Mail Matter. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in Sec. 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized July I, 1918.