National Geographic : 1925 Nov
HISTORY'S GREATEST TREK Photograph by G. L . Berry REFUGEES FROM ASIA MINOR AND THRACE AT THE PORTALS OF TIHE OLD PALACE: ATHENS Those who were registered received here, prior to January I, 1923, the government's daily dole of two drachmas (about three cents). sion-this liquidation process to be retro active in respect to the property of Greeks and Moslems who had already emigrated at any t me since October, 1912. The Mixed Commission to consist of two Turks, two Greeks, and three na tionals of countries neutral in the World War, the three to be chosen by the League of Nations; Each emigrant to receive, in principle, property equi-valuable to that relin quished ; the total value of relinquished properties to form government debts as between Turkey and Greece; the creditor country-a final balance having been struck-to receive from the other a set tlement in part cash, in part interest bearing certificates ; No obstacles to be raised or adverse pressure exercised or taxes imposed in respect to the emigrant; exempted peoples to be free to emigrate if they so wish; Exempted peoples to include (a) Greeks established at Constantinople prior to October 30th, 1918, and (b) the Moslem inhabitants of West Thrace. The exemption clause, which renders the Exchange incomplete to the extent of 635,000 people, sprang out of the liquida- tion difficulties which would be involved in the case of the Constantinople Greeks, whose abandoned properties would have amounted to many millions of dollars: hence the compromise permitting these and the \Vest Thracian Iloslems to re main undisturbed. In practice, the temporary crisis which arose from differing constructions of the phrase "established at Constantinople' seems on the way of solution by the vol untary departure of large numbers of (reeks from the Turkish capital. STROKE OF Til I Pl'N EXILES 3,000,000 1'EO()PLI It is safe to say that history does not contain a more extraordinary document. Never before in the world's long pageant of folk-wanderings have 2,000,000 peo ple-and certainly no less than 3,000,000 if the retroactive clause is possible of complete application-been exiled and re adopted by a stroke of the pen.